Maximum skydiving height
Optimal height for the first parachute jump
In theory, you can skydive from any height – a matter of safety and purpose. Therefore, restrictions have been set in the minimum and maximum height for skydiving.
Until 2000 year, novice skydivers usually jumped with a D-5 or D-6 round landing parachute. Jumps with such a parachute are carried out from a height of 600-1000 meters. The opening of the parachute occurs immediately after the jump from the aircraft.
In the modern world, the first jump is preferred to be done with a Ram Air Parachute To control such a parachute, more training is required, but such a parachute is distinguished by high lift and controllability. Beginners perform Ram Air Parachute jumps (Static Line) from a height of 1000-1200 meters.
But the most popular type of jump for beginners is now a tandem with an instructor. It is usually performs from a height of 2500-4000 meters and before opening the parachute is preceded by a free fall to a height of 1000-1500 meters. In this type of jump, the responsibility for opening the parachute, actions in special cases, control and soft landing on the prepared area lies entirely on the tandem instructor.
Optimal height for skydivers
Professional skydivers who have undergone special training (AFF course) most often jump from a height of at least 2500 meters. Height is necessary for them to train acrobatic elements in free fall. And the higher the altitude, the more time for training in free fall. Therefore, most often skydivers choose airfields where the aircraft performs a drop from 4000-5000 meters.
Minimum skydiving height
Round and Ram Air Parachutes take a certain amount of time to fill with air. If you do not comply with the requirements, then the parachute simply does not have time to open up to the end and the person upon landing will receive severe injuries from hitting the ground.
The critical minimum for full inflation and parachute deployment is 250-300 meters.
There are also small Ram Air Parachutes that are used by base-jumpers to jump from static objects (tall buildings, bridges, rocks). B.A.S.E is considered an extremely extreme sport due to its high injury rate. The minimum height for a B.A.S.E. jump is 100-150 meters.
However, in skydiving there are records for the minimum jump height. Tereke Spencer during World War II (1945) parachuted out of a downed fighter aircraft from a height of just over 10 meters. This is a record that no one has yet broken. And hopefully there won’t be any.
Maximum skydiving height
In skydiving, the height for parachute jump rarely exceeds 5000 meters. If higher, the risk of oxygen starvation increases, it is necessary to use oxygen masks for athletes and pilots. There may be problems associated with a high density of oncoming air flows. During a long parachute jump in the lower atmosphere, the falling speed increases only over a few hundred meters, in the first ten seconds. The air resistance is so great as the speed increases that soon the speed stops changing. And the movement becomes steady. But the most difficult thing in such high-altitude jumps is maintaining a stable body position in free fall.
Another major factor that limits jump height is the air vehicle. Aircraft that are used to transport people cannot fly above 26 kilometers.
Records of Felix Baumgarter
In 2012, a unique jump from the stratosphere was made by Austrian extreme sportsman Felix Baumgartner. Behind Felix is an insane amount of world records in skydiving. The most incredible are the base-jump from the lowest height of 29 meters and the jump from the highest attitude of 39 kilometers.
In 2010, there were rumors that the famous extreme Baumgartner agreed to cooperate with the Austrian manufacturer and sponsor Red Bull. Baumgarter wanted to achieve supersonic speed by jumping from a height of more than 36 km. Also, he tested a new high-altitude compensating suit and the effect of the stratosphere and the jump on the body.
Before the record jump, Felix made two successful test climbs of 21.8 and 29.6 kilometers. The record climb in the capsule was carried out on October 14, 2012 to a height of 39,012 meters.
In 50 seconds of free fall, Baumgarter broke the sound barrier and gained a speed of 1357 km/h. This is the record for the highest speed in the world at which a person can only move without an engine.
Baumgartner’s parachute was supposed to work at an altitude of 1000 meters, but it worked a little earlier – at 1500 meters. As a result, the extreme sportsman stayed in free fall for 4 minutes 20 seconds, not reached Andreev’s record (4 minutes 30 seconds), but he set three other world records – for the maximum jump height, free fall distance and free fall speed. The record for height was improved by the American Alan Eustace in 2014 – 41.4 kilometers.
In Skydive Academy you can make a parachute jump from a height of 4200 meters and set your personal record!
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